Economic Cooperation in Sectors and Industries

(2011) EDB Industry Report no. 11. Russian and Kazakhstani Nuclear Energy: Trends in Economic Cooperation.

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Primary address: www.eabr.org/e/research/industryres/


(2010) EDB Industry Report no. 10. Stock Markets of Russia and Kazakhstan: Prospects of Integration.

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Primary address: www.eabr.org/e/research/industryres/


 

(2010) EDB Industry Report no. 9. Integration Processes in the CIS Telecommunications Sector.

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Primary address: www.eabr.org/e/research/industryres/


  

(2010) EDB Industry Report no. 8. Space Industry in CIS Countries: Prospects of Cooperation.

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Primary address: www.eabr.org/e/research/industryres/


(2010) EDB Industry Report no. 7. March. Economic Cooperation in Agricultural Sector of CIS Countries.

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Primary address: www.eabr.org/e/research/industryres/


(2009) EDB Industry Report no. 6. September. The Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Central Asia.

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Primary address: www.eabr.org/e/research/industryres/


(2009) EDB Industry Report no. 5.

Evgeny Vinokurov. Murat Jadraliyev, Yuriy Shcherbanin (2009) The EurAsEC International Transport Corridors. EDB Industry Report no. 5. April. EDB: Almaty.

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Primary address: www.eabr.org/e/research/industryres/


(2008) EDB Industry Report no. 3. August.

Evgeny Vinokurov (2008) The CIS Common Power Market. EDB Industry Report no. 3. August. EDB: Almaty.

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Primary address: www.eabr.org/e/research/industryres/


(2008) EDB Industry Report no. 1. August.

Evgeny Vinokurov (2008) Nuclear Energy Complexes in Russia and Kazakhstan: Prospects for Development and Cooperation. EDB Industry Report no. 1. August. EDB: Almaty.

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Primary address: www.eabr.org/e/research/industryres/


Emerson M., Vinokurov E. (2009) Optimisation of Central Asian and Eurasian Trans-Continental Land Transport Corridors. EUCAM, Working paper 07, December. Available at www.ceps.be.

There is at present an overlapping but inadequately coordinated combination of strategic inter-continental transport corridors or axes stretching across the Eurasian landmass, centered on or around Central Asia. There are three such initiatives - from the EU, China and China and the Asian Development Bank, and the Eurasian Economic Community. This paper reviews these several strategic transport maps, and makes proposals for their coordination and rationalisation. The EU Central Asia strategy does not so far pay much attention to these questions. However the EU’s own initiatives (the Pan-European Axes and the Traceca programme) are in need of updating and revision to take into account major investments now being made by the other parties. In particular the case is made for a “Central Eurasian Corridor” for rail and road that would reach from Central Europe across Ukraine and Southern Russia into West Kazakhstan, and thence to the East Kazakh border with China, and thus joining up with and completing the West China-West Europe corridor promoted by the Asian Development Bank. There should also be a North-South corridor that would cross over this Central Eurasian Corridor in West Kazakhstan and lead down to the Middle East and South Asia. These adaptations of existing plan could become an exemplary case of cooperation between Central Asia and all the major economic powers of the Eurasian landmass.


(2008, RUS) K ustoychivomu razvitiyu cherez integraciyu [To Sustainable Development Through Integration. Russian and Kazakh Nuclear Industries]. Mirovaya Energetika, no.8: 40-43, no.9: 44-47.


(2007, RUS) Investicii i sotrudnichestvo v gidroenergetike Centralnoy Asii. [Investments and Cooperation in Central Asian Hydroenergy], Kontinent Partnerstva, September, p.42-54.


(2007, ENG) Financing Infrastructure in Central Asia: Water and Energy Nexus, World Finance Review, Spring issue, 135-139.

There are several elements which will eventually lead to an optimal solution for the Central Asian water and energy nexus. The availability of purely financial solutions should be framed politically. Under the new conditions of political independence and market economy, an efficient utilization of water and energy resources is only feasible on the basis of market-based regulation within an efficient political and regulatory framework.

EurAsEC is on its way to adopting the Concept for the efficient utilization of water and energy resources in Central Asia. The Concept foresees: (1) the participation of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, with the possible participation of Turkmenistan; (2) the synchronization of investment activities and water and energy regulation efforts; (3) the establishment of a permanent interstate executive body functioning as an investor and a dispatcher. Along with the Central Asian states, Russia is supposed to play an important role in the process as an investor, machinery supplier, and importer of electricity.

Given the complexity of interests involved, infrastructure development in Central Asia demands co-financing of large-scale investment projects with the participation of various states and multilateral development institutions.


(2007, RUS) Cooperation of Russian and Kazakh Nuclear Industries: Is There a Potential for Integration? Presentation paper for the first EDB Round Table on   Regional Integration, Almaty, 30 October 2007.


(2007, ENG) Nuclear Renaissance in Kazakhstan and Russia: Prospects for  Industrial Cooperation and Financing, World Finance Review, Fall issue, p.74-79.


(2007, RUS) Perspektivy integracii atomno-energeticheskikh kompleksov Rossii i Kazakhstana v kontekste processov ekonomickeskoy integracii [Prospects of Integration of Russian and Kazakhstani Nuclear Industries in the Context of Economic Integration Processes], Atomnaya Strategiya (Nuclear Strategy), July, p.24-26.

The world’s nuclear industry is entering a phase of revival. The northern Eurasian countries, notably Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus, are experiencing a surge in interest in the nuclear industry as well.

For Russia, there is a strong necessity to cooperate closely with Kazakhstan. However, now Russia has to enter into serious competition with the world’s leading market players. Taking into consideration the higher exploration costs of uranium deposits on Russian territory, the increasing demands for uranium in the world, and Kazakhstan’s consistent policy to diversify its partners, Russia will have to move swiftly and efficiently in order to gain its share of Kazakhstan’s uranium and deepen cooperation along the nuclear technological chain.

The development of nuclear energy demands massive financing, which can be provided by a wide variety of sources. Financing by development banks, justified by the industry’s great potential for energy production, innovation, diversification, and economic integration, represents a new and promising source.

The current conditions and demands of the Kazakh and Russian national economies determine the economic efficiency of existing ambitious development plans, complemented by deep cooperation between two countries. However efficient economic cooperation might be, the potential of political integration in this sector is limited as the demand for institutional integration is small. Further research should be based on a deeper analysis in the framework of regional integration theories.